Session VI: Conceptions of Citizenship

AMINTAPHIL 2014 Conference on Immigration and Citizenship
Chapman University, Orange, California, Oct. 9-11, 2014
10-11, 2014
9:00-10:30am, Session VI: Conceptions of citizenship
Laurence D. Houlgate, “Membership and Community in the State of Nature: Locke on Naturalization and Natural Law”
Houlgate: discussed interests of discovering Locke’s pages on naturalization in historical contexts; Locke’s support of general naturalization in the interests of British people, which allows an independent political society to open the border in the life-threatening conditions; introduced memberships based on natural law; our duty of mutual care of particular communities, including families, and tribes; Locke’s sections on property; brought forwarded several suggestions to the possible enforcement of Locke’s ideals in the contemporary world; Locke’s principle of reciprocity; existence of various communities in Locke’s natural communities; the move from the SON to a political society; the second law of nature
Robert Van Wyk: discussed Locke’s claim on unused land or particular land; inquire the explanation of Locke’s passages on the use of land after the establishment of the state
Win-Chiat Lee: a more general communities of human beings; whether the negative duty of not harming each other belongs to the content of natural law; self-perseveration versus other’s perseveration
Q to Houlgate: the use of money to purchase land; the possible negation from consent to the force of natural law after the establishment of the state; Locke’s provisions; Locke’s display of various types of communities which are similar to Type A and Type B democratic societies; the implication of immigrant policies; the role of compassion;

Wade Robison, “Citizens as Artifacts”
Wade: citizen as an artifact with empty content filled by human beings; Russia’s annexation of Crimea; the ideal conception of citizen along with self-interests or other interests in dealing coordination problems; the practical enforcement of citizen as artifacts; the justification of ideal states from citizens as artifacts; human beings’ conceptual imitations; the separation between a concept of citizens and a particular duty
Comments from Ken Kipnis: distinctions between citizens and subjects, especially ideal citizens and subjects; other conceptual issues of citizen; civil disobedience and protests; the collective/political authority
Q to Wade: the relativity of citizenship; the normative force of citizen as an artifacts; practical governance from a normative principle; self-interests of citizens as the normative force; Bruce’s example of citizens with low wages, who are subjected to hardship; final authority in deciding a political process; citizens’ special duties; the ownership of companies; the relationships between citizens as artifacts and different types of societies, say democratic political societies; various meanings/usages of the word “citizen;” whether the usage of word “citizen” contains normative content, which implies strong normative force; historical use of the word “citizen,” the usefulness of different definitions, open-ended definitions of citizen or other names in different languages; What is necessary to the concept of citizens, if it has empty content?
Nicolaus Tideman, “In a Just World We Would Provide Refuge for All”
Tideman: the justification of granting refuges, which are not extended to citizenship; the requirement of equal share of opportunities to justice; our obligations to provide shared resources; the prevalence of city land; distinctions between economic refugees and political refugees; what we owe to refugees; obligations or entitlement; the shared resources; the existence of money in the absence of a government; children of refuges;
Q to Tideman: The duty of not returning and the duty of having a durable solution; current refugee laws; full access to membership; a necessary condition to perpetuating injustice/justice; refugees’ inclination to seek full citizenship, or a blue card; the value of money; the relationship between “insiders” and “outsiders”; the psychological possibility of equal affection;

One thought on “Session VI: Conceptions of Citizenship

  1. acudd says:

    This report was done by Yi Deng. Thanks Yi!

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